Influence of variety, organic and mineral fertilization on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of cucumbers crop (Cucumis sativus L.)

  • Athari J. Mohammed
  • Muaid S. Ali
  • Razzaq A. Saqar
Keywords: Organic fertilization, Mineral fertilization, cucumber, Cucumis sativus L


The experiment was carried out at the Agricultural Research Station of the College of Agriculture and the Marshlands / University of Thi-Qar, located in Al- Mustufawia for the agricultural season (2019-2020). The study was the effect of cultivar and organic and mineral fertilization on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of cucumber crops grown in greenhouses, and applied according to the factorial experiments inside the split plots, using the complete randomized sectors with three replications. The factors of research were: two cultivars  (Datis and Sakata) occupied the main plots, three levels of organic fertilization occupied the secondary plots which included control treatment O1, cow manure O2(2.457 tons of greenhouse-1) and poultry manure O3(3.713 tons of greenhouse-1) and the third factor was four levels of mineral fertilization (NPK) including control treatment M1, M2 (2.250 kg. dunam-1), M3 (3.350 kg. dunam-1), and M4 (4.450 kg. dunam-1) which occupied the sub-plots. The results showed that Datis cultivar significantly outperformed Sakata cultivar in yield per plant, total yield, leaf content of nitrogen and phosphorus, and fruit content of carbohydrates, reaching (1.402 kg. plant-1, 24.24 tons .greenhoues-1, 2.2517%, 0.4069%, 1.2876%) respectively. On the other hand, the treatment of organic fertilizer O3 recorded a significant effect in the following crop traits such as leaf area, total yield, leaf content of nitrogen and phosphorus, and fruit content of carbohydrate, reaching (178.0 cm2, 24.36 tons. greenhouse-1, 2.5017%, 0.4608%, 1.3561%). Respectively compared to other treatments, total yield, leaf content of nitrogen and phosphorus, reaching (180.1 cm2, 25.88 t. greenhoues-1, and 2.3478%, and 0.4561%) to other treatments. The treatment M2 significantly outperformed in yield per plant (1.682) kg. plant-1 and treatment M3 significantly exceeded the fruit's carbohydrate content, reaching (1.2930%). All the combinations among this study's treatments were compared to meet their significant effecting on all traits. 


Vimala, P., C.C. Ting, H. Salbiah, B. Ibrahim and L. Ismail. Biomass reduction and nutrient yields of four green manures and their effects on the yield of Cucumber. Journal of Tropical Agric. and Food Science 27: 1999.47-55.

Duke, J. The Green Pharmacy. St. Martin’s Press, New York. 1997:508.

Ali, N. S. Introduction to soil fertility and fertilizer management. Baghdad University. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Iraq. 2007.

Genstat . Seventh Edition (DE3) Servic Pack, Version, 7.2.0220, Lawes Agriculture alatrust. 2007.

Sahuki, M., Karima, M.W. Applications in design and analysis of experiments. Baghdad University. 1990.

Sudre, C. P., L. S. A. Gonҫalves, R. Rodrigues, A. T. Amaral Junior, E. M. Riva-Souza, and C. D. S. Bento . Genetic variability in domesticated Capsicum spp. as assessed by morphological and agronomic data in mixed statistical analysis. Genet. Mol. Res. 9 (1): 2010. 283-294.

Mahdi, S. S. Study the genetic diversity of different types of Capsicum annuum L. for samples from local markets using some molecular genetic techniques. PhD thesis - College of Education for Pure Sciences - Ibn Al Haytham - University of Baghdad. 2016.

Mahmoud, H. A., and Marwan, A. T. The effect of variety and planting dates on yield and components of cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) in unheated greenhouses. Tikrit Journal of Agricultural Sciences 15 (1): 2015. 82-91.

Al-Jubouri, K. D., Hassan, H. M., Faleh, H. S. Effect of biological fertilizers and genotypes on growth and production of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 15 (private issue). 2017: 308--317.

Al-Sahhaf, F. H. The effect of the number of times spraying with liquid nutrient solution (Al-Nahrain) on the growth and yield of potato Estima Journal of Iraqi Agricultural Sciences. Vol 25. Issue (1) 1994.

Zobaie, S. Z. Determination of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium equilibrium of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in sedimentary soils. PhD thesis. Soil and Water Department - College of Agriculture - University of Baghdad, Iraq. 2000.

Al-Zahawi, S. M. Effect of different organic fertilizers and soil cover on growth, yield and quality of potatoes. Master Thesis. Department of horticulture. College of Agriculture - University of Baghdad. 2007.

Viro, M. The effect of minerals in nutrition with Potassium on the translocation assimilates and citation (Lycopersicon esculentum). Diss fachbereich Ernahrungs wissenschaften Justus, liebig universitat Giessen. 1974.

Tisdal, S.L.; Nelson, W.L.; Beaton, J.D. and Harlin, J.L. Soil fertility and fertilization Prentica Hall of India. New Delhi. 1997.

Abd al-Rahman, H. B., Ghassan, J. Z., and Qutaybah, Y. A. The effect of spraying with nutrient solutions on the quantitative and qualitative yield of two cucumber hybrids (Cucumis sativus L.) Diyala Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5 (2): 2013. 122-132.

Al-Naimi, S. A. Organic fertilizers and soil fertility. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. University of Al Mosul. Iraq. 1987.

Al-Ajil, S. A. The effect of salinity, organic residues and foliar nutrition on tomato plants in the Najaf region, PhD thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad. 1998

Jwar, A. S., & Abdul-Wahid, M. S. (2018). Effect of different pollen grain source and chitosan on some physiological and enzymatic characteristics of data palm Phoenix dactylifera L. fruits cv. Alshwethey. Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, 17(1-2).

Abdul-wahid, M. S., & Jawar, A. (2019). Response of Some chemical, physical and productivity propertiesto date palmPhoenix dactylifera L. cultivation sites. University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 8(1).‏

Hasan, B. K. (2019). Effect of Humic acid and Iron on some growth vegetative characteristics of dill (Anethum graveolens L.). University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 8(1).‏

Abdul-wahid, M. S. (2019). Effect of Spray by Chelated Iron in physical and Chemical Characteristics of Iraqi Banana Musa Paradisica L. Var Sapientum (L.) Oktze Cultivation South Iraq. University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 8(1).‏

-Jwar, A. S., & Neghamish, R. G. (2021). Effect of levels organic fertilizers and kinds of Bio-feritilizers in characterical of two classes of Okra plant (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) growning in the plastic house. University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 10(1), 54-69.‏

ISO 690

-Jwar, A. S., Wahed, M. S. A., & Ghani, S. T. (2021). Study the effect of foliar spraying with Dionyfer and Azomin on the vegetative growth indicators of the leaves of Henna plant (Lawsonia inermis L). University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 10(1), 70-78.