Effect of spraying with Moringa plant extract and potassium silicate on some vegetative growth indicators of banana seedlings obtained from tissue culture Musa spp





The field experiment was conducted in one of the covered greenhouses in Al-Saran affiliated with the College of Agriculture and Marshes, University of Dhi Qar for the 2022-2023 growing season on banana seedlings of the Grand Nine variety resulting from tissue culture in order to determine the effect of Moringa extract and potassium silicate on the vegetative growth characteristics on 2/5/2023. Aged 3 to 4 months, 48 identical offspring were chosen. First, spraying with Moringa leaves extract at four concentrations (0, 5, 10, and 15) g L-1; second, spraying with potassium silicate at four concentrations (0, 1, 2, and 3) ml L-1.

The statistical analysis revealed that Moringa extract at a concentration of 15 g L-1 was superior in terms of all vegetative growth characteristics (plant height (104.38 cm), stem diameter (71.60 mm), number of leaves (10.60), plant leaf-1, and leaf area (1,535.05 square millimeters). cm2, the wet weight of the shoot is (1084.3) g, the dry weight is (120.45 g), and the rate of root propagation is (9.65) g per square centimeter per day. 2 kg-1.

The results of the statistical analysis demonstrated the superiority of potassium silicate at a concentration of 3 ml L-1 in all vegetative growth characteristics (plant height (95.90) cm, stem diameter (67.08) mm, number of leaves (9.28) plant leaf-1, leaf area (1,368.0) cm2, and plant weight (13,680.00 g)). The wet weight of the shoot is (943.9) g, its dry weight is (104.14 g), and its rate of root propagation is (9.71) g.2 kg-1,

As for the combinations, the combination of Mornica extract and potassium silicate at a concentration of (15 g L-1 x 3 ml L-1) performed the best in terms of vegetative characteristics, plant height (125.67 cm), stem diameter (84.80 mm), and number of leaves (13.40). -1, leaf area (1912.22 cm2), shoot wet weight (1417.5) g, shoot dry weight (157.5) g, and root spread rate (11.4) g 2 kg-1.


Download data is not yet available.


Mahmood S. Abdel-Wahed, Lina A. Hameed, & Salamjwar, A. (2022). Effect of glutathione and ascorbic acid on some physical characteristics of seedlings of grape plant Halawani cultivar Vitis vinifera L. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(2), 122–130. https://doi.org/10.54174/utjagr.v11i2.190

Al-Sabbagh, M. N. A., El-Badawy, H. E. M., Baiea, M. H. M., & El-Gioushy, S. F. (2020). Influence of Foliar Application with Some Natural Extracts and Nutrients Compounds on Nutritional Status of Washington Navel Orange Transplants. Asian Journal of Research in Botany, 4(4),1-15.‏

Thaer R. Mhalhal, Shaimaa Hameed Hassan, & Majdy Faisal Majeed. (2022). Histomorphological Study of the Small Intestine of the European Starling (Sturnus Vulgaris) in Basrah Province. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(2), 165–171. https://doi.org/10.54174/utjagr.v11i2.195

Layla A. Aufi, & Layla A. Aufi. (2022). LENGHT-WEIGHT RELASTIONSHIP AND CONDITION FACTOR OF Brachirus Orientalis (Bloch &Schneider, 1801) IN IRAQ MARINE WATER. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(2), 285–291. https://doi.org/10.54174/utjagr.v11i2.208

Aslam, M., Sultana, B., Anwar, F., & Munir, H. (2016). Foliar spray of selected plant growth regulators affected the biochemical and antioxidant attributes of spinach in a field experiment. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 40(2), 136-145.

Asmar, S. A., Castro, E. M., Pasqual, M., Pereira, F. J., & Soares, J. D. R. (2013). Changes in leaf anatomy and photosynthesis of micropropagated banana plantlets under different silicon sources. Scientia Horticulturae, 161, 328-332.‏

Athani, S. I., Revanappa and P. R. Dharmatti, 2019. Influence of organic fertilizer doses and vermicompost on growth and yield of banana. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 22 (1): 147-150.

Aziz, H. A., Sharaf, M., Omar, M., Abou El-Yazied, A., AlJwaizea, N. I., Ismail, S.,... & Tawfik, M. (2023) Improvement of Selected Morphological, Physiological, and Biochemical Parameters of Banana (Musa acuminata L.) Using Potassium Silicate under Drought Stress Condition Grown in vitro.‏

Castro, E.M., Pereira, F.J., Paiva, R, 2009. Histologia vegetal: estrutura e func¸ ão deórgãos vegetativos. Lavras, UFLA, p. 234.

Costa, B. N. S., Neto, A. R., Chagas, P. C., Chagas, E. A., Pasqual, M., & Vendrame, W. A. (2021). Silicon in the Anatomy and Physiology of Banana Plant Leaves Under Temporary Immersion Bioreactors. AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, 7(1), 10-10.‏

Cronanuer , S. S., & Krikorian, A. D. (1984). Multiplication of Musa from excised stem tips. Annals of Botany, 53(3), 321-328.‏

Emirates Center for Agricultural Environmental Information (2008). Preserving the environment and natural resources. Ministry of Environment and Water. The United Arab Emirates

Hassan, A. M., Abd-Alhamid, N., Aly, R. B., & Hassan, H. S. A. (2019). Effect of foliar application with algae and moringa leaves extracts on vegetative growth, leaf mineral contents, yield and chemical fruit quality of picual olive trees. Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 27(1), 659-671.‏

Islam, M. A., Sayeed, K. M. A., Alam, M. J., & Rahman, M. A. (2020). Effect of nitrogen and potassium on growth parameters of banana. J Biosci Agric Res, 26, 2159-2169.‏

Jain, P., B. Farooq, S. Lamba and B. Koul. 2020. Foliar spray of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaf extracts (MLE) enhances the stevioside, zeatin and mineral contents in Stevia rebaudiana Betoni. South African Journal of Botany, 132: 249-257

Kamel, H. M. (2015). Response of Manfalouty pomegranate transplants to foliar spray and soil drench applications with some natural extracts. J. Hortic. Sci. Ornam. Plants, 7, 107-116.

Khan, A. S., Muhammad, I., Basra, S. M. A., Sajid, A., Almas, M. H., Muhammad, A.,... & Hasan, M. U. (2020). Post-bloom applied moringa leaf extract improves growth, productivity and quality of early-season maturing grapes (Vitis vinifera). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 24(5), 1217-1225.

Kocira, S., Szparaga, A., Krawczuk, A., Bartoš, P., Zaguła, G., Plawgo, M., & Černý, P. (2021). Plant material as a novel tool in designing and formulating modern biostimulants—Analysis of botanical extract from Linum usitatissimum L. Materials, 14(21), 6661

Liang, Y., Zhang, W., Chen, Q., & Ding, R. (2005). Effects of silicon on H+-ATPase and H+-PPase activity, fatty acid composition and fluidity of tonoplast vesicles from roots of salt-stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Environmental and Experimental Botany, 53(1), 29-37.‏


Mohapatra, D., Mishra, S., & Sutar, N. (2010). Banana and its by-product utilisation: an overview.‏

Mu, X., Q. Chen, F. Chen, L. Yuan and G. Mi. 2016. Within-leaf nitrogen allocation in adaptation to low nitrogen supply in maize during grain-filling stage. Frontiers in plant science. 7:699

Mvumi, C., Tagwira, F., & Chiteka, A. Z. (2013). Effect of moringa extract on growth and yield of maize and common beans.

Nasir, M., Khan, A. S., Basra, S. M. A., & Malik, A. U. (2020). Improvement in growth, productivity and quality of ‘Kinnow’mandarin fruit after exogenous application of Moringa olifera leaf extract. South African Journal of Botany, 129, 263-27

Panchal, R. K., Patil, S. J., Chawla, S. L., Tandel, B. M., & Gaikwad, S. S. (2020). Effect of foliar application of silicon on growth of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) cv. Grand Nain

Prado, R. M. 2021. Mineral Nutrition of Tropical Plants (Springer International Publishing), 339

Rangwala, T., Bafna, A., Vyas, N., & Gupta, R. (2021). Effect of soluble silica fertiliser on total sugar, protein, starch content along with amylase and cellulase activity in banana. Plant Science Today, 8(2), 283-288.‏

Sardans, J., & Peñuelas, J. (2021). Potassium control of plant functions: Ecological and agricultural implications. Plants, 10(2), 419.‏

Sathappan, C. T., Sivanesh, K., & Dhanasekaran, D. (2019). Studies on The Influence of Potassium on Growth, Yield and Quality of Hill Banana Var. Sirumalai. Plant Archives, 19(2), 1603-1605.‏

Sustr, M., A. Soukup and E. Tylova. 2019. Potassium in root growth and development. Plants, 8(10): 435.

Takrim, M. A., Zaharah, S. S., Ismail, M. R., Kasim, S., & Ahmad, K. (2021, December). Effectiveness of K2siO3 on growth and physio-biochemical changes of banana seedlings grown under tropical climate as influenced by application frequency. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 948, No. 1, p. 012011). IOP Publishing.‏

Xiong, Y., M. S. R. Rajoka, H. M. Mehwish, M. Zhang, N. Liang, C. Li and Z. He. 2021. Virucidal activity of Moringa A from Moringa oleifera seeds against Influenza A Viruses by regulating TFEB. International Immunopharmacology, 95: 10756

Ihsan . J . Ethbeab, Aseel Muayyad Mahbas Al-Saeedi Ihsan Jali Azbib, & Aseel . M. Al-Saeedi. (2022). Response of broccoli, Brassica oleracea var. botrytis to the effect of hybrids and organic fertilizer K-FULV GROWER in some chemical an qualitative characteristics. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(2), 45–53. https://doi.org/10.54174/utjagr.v11i2.180




How to Cite

Riyadh Mhawesh Al-Muhe, & Mahmmod S. Abdul-Wahid. (2023). Effect of spraying with Moringa plant extract and potassium silicate on some vegetative growth indicators of banana seedlings obtained from tissue culture Musa spp. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Agricultural Research, 12(2), 46–58. https://doi.org/10.54174/utjagr.v12i2.260