Comparative Anatomical and Histological study of gall bladder in Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) and Broiler fowl (Gallus gallus )

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54174/utjagr.v12i2.254

Keywords:

Anas platyrhynchos*, Gallus gallus*, gallbladder*, anatomy*, histology*

Abstract

The current study was investigated anatomical and histological description of gall bladder of two specious   which different in nutrition and life habitat Mallard (Anas platyrhnchos) aquatic life bird, and broiler fowl (Gallus gallus)  wild life bird ,used ten bird of each specious ,anatomical result founded  the gall bladder  is located at the visceral surface right lobe of liver at right side of abdominal cavity, and composed of three parts head, neck and body, gall bladder in both specious appeared with dark green color. Gall bladder of mallard has balloon shape more elongated organ while in Gallus gallus is pear shape, the mean weight of gall bladder in mallard (1.91±0.56 g) , length (3.07±0.505 cm) and  width (3.07±0.5 cm )  while broiler fowl weight of gall bladder (8.24±2.88 g), length (3.31±0.8 cm)and width (3.56±1.32 cm ) .Histologically; Gall bladder in mallard has three main layers:  tunica mucosa,  tunica muscularis  and tunica adventitia ,tunica mucosa  which lined by simple columnar epithelium non-ciliated with goblet cells and the  lamina propria-submucosa composed of  loos connective tissue  , tunica muscularis  was a thick layer of muscles (smooth muscles) and adventitia  made of loos connective tissue , while gall bladder of Gallus gallus domesticus has three  layer; tunica  mucosa, lamina propria  -submucosa, tunica  muscularis and adventitia  , tunica mucosa which lined by simple columnar epithelia  non- ciliated without goblet cells  , with present  lamina propria -submucosa fused with lamina propria ,and thin layer of  tunica muscularis  and adventitia  made of loos connective tissue .

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Published

2023-10-01

How to Cite

Suadad Abdullh Abdulqader, Huwait, A. .R.Huwait, & Nadihm .A.shehan. (2023). Comparative Anatomical and Histological study of gall bladder in Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) and Broiler fowl (Gallus gallus ). University of Thi-Qar Journal of Agricultural Research, 12(2), 15–25. https://doi.org/10.54174/utjagr.v12i2.254

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