A study of measuring blood sugar levels in cows in areas around Nasiriyah city using the ready-made ACCU_CHEK method and using a kit.

  • Jalil Abed Gatie
Keywords: cow, glucose concentration, glucometer, Accu-chek.


Measuring the concentration of sugar in cows is very important to assess their health status, as well as the possibility of treatment with solutions containing sugar to treat a number of diseases that affect cows. The range of sugar concentration in cows is 42-75 mg / 100 ml of blood. The study aimed at the possibility of using the ACCU-CHEK device with human use to measure sugar concentration in cows due to the speed of results, ease of use, low price of the device and the attached tapes, and the possibility of transporting it and working in the field compared to the spectrometer and kit attached to it. This study was designed to compare two methods for measuring the concentration of sugar in the blood of cows, which are kit, in which 52 blood samples were used from healthy and sick cows and calves living in the suburbs of Nasiryah city, and the ACCU-CHEK rapid device method using a drop of blood from 52 heads of cows and calves for direct use. Accu-chek  (device) can be used to measure the concentration of sugar in the blood of cows, especially in various clinical conditions, including cases of hypoglycemia that are treated with sugar itself, and measuring the concentration of sugar is very important when diagnosing diseases in cows that causes high and low sugar concentrations and due to the ease of use and transportation of the device and its low price and the price of test strips ,compared with kit method, we recommend using it in cow glucose measurement  and using it in veterinary medicine.


Cristian Ovidiu COROIAN, Vioara MIREŞAN, Aurelia COROIANCamelia RĂDUCU, Luisa Andronie, Zamfir MARCHIŞ, Sorin TERHEŞ and Mircea-Valentin MUNTEAN (2017). Biochemical and Haematological Blood Parameters at Different Stages of Lactation in Cows . Bulletin UASVM Animal Science and Biotechnologies 74(1Print ISSN 1843-5262; Electronic ISSN 1843-536X DOI:10.15835/buasvmcn-asb: 12283

- Aschenbach JR, Kristensen NB, Donkin SS, Hammon HM, Penner GB(2010). Gluconeogenesis in dairy cows: The secret of making sweet milk from sour dough. IUBMB Life. 62(12):869–77.

-De Koster JD, Opsomer G(2013). Insulin resistance in dairy Cows. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 29(2):299–322.

-Oikonomou G, Arsenos G, Valergakis GE, Tsiaras A, Zygoyiannis D and Banos G(2008). Genetic relationship of body energy and blood metabolites with reproduction in Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci. 91(11):4323–32.

- Galvão KN, Flaminio MJBF, Brittin SB, Sper R, Fraga M, Caixeta L, Ricci A, Guard CL,

Butler WR and Gilbert RO(20100. Association between uterine disease and indicators of neutrophil and systemic energy status in lactating Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci. 93(7):2926–37.

- J Ghalami , H Zardooz, F Rostamkhani, B Farrokhi and M Hedayati(2013). Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion: Effects of high-fat diet and acute stress. J Endocrinol Invest Nov;36(10):835-42.

- Jo¨rg R. Aschenbach1, Niels B. Kristensen2, Shawn S. Donkin3, Harald M. Hammon4, and Gregory B. Penner(2010). Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion: Effects of high-fat diet and acute stress. International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life. 62(12): 869–877.

-. Olbrich SE, Muhrer ME, Cooper RG and Martz FA(1972). Effect of temperature and ration on blood clotting time of heat-tolerant and cold-tolerant cattle. Comp Biochem Physiol A Physiol; 41: 267-280.

Haynes RC and Lu YS(1969). Measurement of cortisol-stimulated gluconeogenesis in the rat. Endocrinology; 85: 811-814.

- Michel Abdalla Helaye , Nathalie Costa da Cunha , Sandro Estevam Moron , Paulo César Amaral Ribeiro da Silva , Isabelle Magalhães da Cunha , Marina Galindo Chenard , Márcia Xavier ,Vivian de Assunção Nogueira Carvalho , Guilherme de Souza Nunes and Samara de Paula Lopes(2020). Comparative Analysis between Portable Glucometer and Enzyme Method for Measurement of Blood Glucose Levels in Cattle . Acta Scientiae Veterinariae, 48: 1734. RESEARCH ARTICLE Pub. 1734 ISSN 1679-9216.

- Min-Hee Kang,Do-Hyung Kim,In-Seong Jeong,Gab-Chol Choi and Hee-Myung Park(2016). Evaluation of four portable blood glucose meters in diabetic and non-diabetic dogs and cats .Veterinary quarterly volume 36,Issue1Pp2-9.

-Elizabeth A Clemmons, Melissa I Stovall, Devon C Owens, Jessica A Scott, Amelia C Jones-Wilkes, Doty J Kempf, and Kelly F Ethun(2016). Accuracy of Human and Veterinary Point-of-Care Glucometers for Use in Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta), Sooty Mangabeys (Cercocebus atys), and Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. May; 55(3): 346–353.

-T S Rumsey 1, S Kahl and T H Elsasser(1999). Field method for monitoring blood glucose in beef cattle. J Anim Sci.;77(8):2194-200.

- R. B. Lopes, A. Valldecabres, and N. Silva-del-Río (2018). Glucose concentration in dairy cows measured using 6 handheld meters designed for human use. J. Dairy Sci. 102:9401–9408.

-Rumsey,Theron and Khal,Stanislaw-stass(1999). FIELD METHOD FOR MONITORING BLOOD GLUCOSE IN BEEF CATTLE . J Anim Sci. Aug;77(8):2194-200.

- Panagiotis D. Katsoulos, Anastasios Minas, Maria A. Karatzia, Konstantinos Pourliotis and Georgios Christodoulopoulos(2011). Evaluation of a portable glucose meter for use in cattle and sheep. Veterinary Clinical Pathology ISSN 0275-6382

Jwar, A. S., & Abdul-Wahid, M. S. (2018). Effect of different pollen grain source and chitosan on some physiological and enzymatic characteristics of data palm Phoenix dactylifera L. fruits cv. Alshwethey. Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, 17(1-2).

-Jwar, A. S., & Neghamish, R. G. (2021). Effect of levels organic fertilizers and kinds of Bio-feritilizers in characterical of two classes of Okra plant (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) growning in the plastic house. University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 10(1), 54-69.‏

ISO 690

-Jwar, A. S., Wahed, M. S. A., & Ghani, S. T. (2021). Study the effect of foliar spraying with Dionyfer and Azomin on the vegetative growth indicators of the leaves of Henna plant (Lawsonia inermis L). University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 10(1), 70-78.

Abdul-wahid, M. S., & Jawar, A. (2019). Response of Some chemical, physical and productivity propertiesto date palmPhoenix dactylifera L. cultivation sites. University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 8(1).

Abdul-wahid, M. S. (2019). Effect of Spray by Chelated Iron in physical and Chemical Characteristics of Iraqi Banana Musa Paradisica L. Var Sapientum (L.) Oktze Cultivation South Iraq. University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research, 8(1).