The effect of the conventional and modified subsoilers on the soil penetration resistance in clay soil during sun flower crop growth stages (Helianthus annus L.)

  • kawther aziz
  • bahaa abdul
Keywords: Conventional Subsoiler, Modified Subsoiler

Abstract

     A filed experiment was conducted at agriculture college research station, Garmit Ali , Basrah university in ( 2014 ) . The soil texture is clay . Three plow types were used namely modifiled subsoiler , conventional subsoiler and moldboard plow . The first two plows (subsoilers) were used at operating depths of 30 , 40 and 50 cm . The moldboard plow was used at operating depth of 25 cm . These plow types were used to study their effect on the soil penetration resistance of the soil in first season (T1) middle of the season (T2) and after crop harvesting (T3).The soil properties measurements were taken for different depths, d1 (0-15) , d2(15-30) , d3(30-40) and d4(40-50) cm . The crop used in the experiments was sun flower ( Helianthus annus L.) . The following abbrivations are used for the modified and conventional subsoilers operating depths 30 , 40 , and 50 cm , which are they S1D1 , S1D2 , and S1D3 and S2D1 , S2D2 and S2D3 respectively . For the moldboard plow depth of 25 cm MT is used . The control treatment is given (NT) .The experiments were conducted using R.C.B.D. design for three replicates . The filed was divided into three equal area blocks . Each block was divided into eight experimental units . The experimental parameters were randomly distributed on experimental untis . The crop seeds were planted on 4/4/2014 . The irrigation was added according to the difficiency in the water level of water evaporation basin . The addition of water was 100% of the measured evaporation value with another 20% as leaching requirement . The crop harvesting date was 4/7/2014 .The results showed :The plowing operation reduced The cone index decreased for all plowing treatments compared with NT . S1D3 and S2D3 treatments surpassed the other treatments in recording the lowest values for both parameters 967.911 and 1031.586 KN m-2 respectively while MT recorded the highest values 1624.957 KN m-2 . The valus of the cone index increased with depth is 824.608 , 1136.166 , 1493.148 and 1957.859 KN m-2 depths d1 و d2 و d3 و d4 respectively and increased cone index middle of the season and after crop harvesting comparison first season in the rate of 37.660 and 43.500 % respectively   .

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Published
2019-04-19
Section
Articles