Effect of the phosphate fertilizer and organic manure and interact between them on (Vicia faba L) growth and production

  • Riyadh Shaker B.
Keywords: : Vicia faba, , organic manure


The experiment was conducted at the College of Agriculture farm, Sumer University during winter season 2015 – 2016 in clay loam soil to investigate the effect of the phosphate and organic manure on growth and production of Vicia faba. Three poultry residues levels (0, 2.5 and 5 ton.ha-1 ) and three levels of phosphate fertilizers levels (0, 60 ,120kg P . ha-1) were added. The experiments used RCBD , with three replicates .

     Results showed that significant differences between organic residue levels with the 5 tons . ha-1   addition was significantly the best on plant green, pod along , dry weight ,phosphorus content in the shoot compared with no addition. The addition 2.5 ton . ha-1 was significantly the best on plant   height , pod numbers per plant compared with the control . On the other hand , the results showed significant differences among phosphate the in all Plant characteristic levels (120)kg k.ha-1 was significantly the best in most of the studied plant characteristics. the two interaction treatment                             (5 tons.ha-1 +120 kg . ha -1 ) and ( 5tons . ha-1 + 60 kg k. ha-1 ) were significantly the best in most of the studied plant characteristics (Plant height , pod number , pod length and the dry weight .


بريسم, ترف هاشم وجعفر عباس شمس الله وعباس عبد علاوي (2010). تأثير المادة العضوية ومصادر السماد الفوسفاتي في تحرر وجاهزية الفسفور وتأثيره في نبات السبانخ .مجلة جامعة كربلاء العلمية – المجلد الثامن - العدد الرابع / علمي / 2010
جاسم, علي حسين وقيس لامي الدليمي (2014) . تأثير إضافة الأسمدة العضوية ورش حامض الدبال ومستخلص الأعشاب البحرية في نمو وحاصل القرنات الخضراء للباقلاء ( Vicia faba L. ) . مجلة الفرات للعلوم الزراعية 6 (1) : 163 -172
الركابي, فاخر أبراهيم وعبد الجبار جاسم ( 1981 ). انتاج الخضر هيئة المعاهد الفنية – وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي – العراق .
عواد, كاظم مشحوت (1987). التسميد وخصوبة التربة – كلية الزراعة – جامعة البصرة.
النعيمي ، سعدالله نجم عبدالله (1999) . الاسمدة وخصوبة التربة . وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي . جامعةالموصل
Adrian j.(2001) phosphorus fertilization-sources and efficiency Potash and phosphate institute of Canada –pp ( 1- 4)
Ajayi, F.A., S.N. Dauda and E.Ndor. (2009). Growth and yield of water melon as affect by poultry manure application. EJEAFChe, 8(4) : 305-311
Black, C.A.(1965).Method Of Soil analysis. part 1.physical properties Am.Soc.Agron Inc.Publisher Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A
Day , P . R . (1965 ). Methods of Soil Analysis , part 1 , Agronomy . J. p: 562-566 .
Dvaid ,B.1981.Sources and methods in Geography soil .p:114-116,butter worths and co publisher Ltd, England.
Hossain ,M.A. and Hamid (2007). Fertilizer application on root growth ,leaf Photosynthesis and yield performance of groundnut . Bangladesh . J.AgriL. Res 32(3):369 – 374 ,September 2007
Hougland , G.V.C.(1947). J.Agr.Res.75:1-18
Hue, N.V. (1991). Effect of of organic acid slanions on P sorption and phyto – availability in soils with different mineralogies. Soil Sci. 152: 463-471.
Kandil,Hala.(2007).Effect of cobalt fertilizers on growth, yield and nutrient status of faba bean (vicia fabal L) plant. Journal of applied science Research 3(9): 867 - 872
Lv WG, Huang Qw, shen QR(2005). The effect of organic fertilizer and orgnic – inorganic Fertilizer application on soil enzymes activates during water melon growing period. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural
Olsen, S. R .(1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate . USDA Cric. 939.
Page ,A.L.; R. H. Miller and D. R. Kenny . (1982) . Methods of Soil Analysis.Part 2 Chemical and Biological Properties. Amer. Soc. Agron. Inc. Pnblisher , Madison. Wisconsin
Papanicolaou,E.P.(1976).Determination of cation exchange capacity of calcareous soils and their percent base saturation .Soil Sci.121:65-71.
Power,J.F:D.L Grunes,G.A. Reichman and W.O.Willis (1963).Agron . J. 56:545- 548
Sarker, M.A. R ., M. Y .A.Pramanik, G.M. Faruk .,and M.Y.Ali .(2004).Effect of green manures and Levels of nitrogen on some growth attributes of transplant aman rice Pakistan J.Biol.Sci.,7:739- 742
Shafeek ,M.R.Y.I.Helmy, Nadia, M. Omer and Fatma A.Rizk .(2013). Effect of foliar fertilizer with nutritional compound and humic acid on growth and yield of broad bean plants under sandy soil conditions Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9(6):3674-3680
Torr, G.S. and G.S. Bahi, (1997). Effect of solitary and integrated use of poultry manure and fertilizer soils, Bioresour. Technol, 65:25 -28.